Coffee Talk Siri #1: Bulan Kemerdekaan: Merdekakah Hubungan Agama dan Kaum di Malaysia?

 

Tarikh: 22 Ogos 2020 | Sabtu

Masa: 8.30 – 9.30 pm (Malaysia)

Video Rakaman: https://youtu.be/VK1PYHsnPpY

 

Coffee Talk bersama cendiakawan dan pemimpin belia ini bertujuan untuk menerokai konsep-konsep yang wujud dalam isu hak kebebasan beragama dan selok-belok kompleks yang wujud dalam hubung kaitannya dengan kaum dan etnik di Malaysia daripada sudut pandang undang-undang, falsafah, teologi, sosiologi, politik, dan lain-lain. Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan kebebasan beragama dalam perspektif yang lebih luas dan bagaimanakah ianya berkait dengan kaum serta etnik? Apakah ertinya untuk mempunyai hak kebebasan agama dalam negara berbilang kaum dan etnik? Apakah amalan terbaik mengenai hak kebebasan beragama yang wujud pada peringkat antarabangsa yang boleh dipelajari dan dicontohi oleh rakyat Malaysia?

 

Maklumat Panelis

Hazman Baharom

Hazman Baharom ialah pensyarah, penulis, dan penterjemah. Telah menulis dua buku, menterjemah tiga buku, serta menterjemah cerpen-cerpen Kawabata Yasunari. Hazman memperoleh BA Ekonomi dan Pengajian Sosial dari University of Manchester.

 

 

Netusha Naidu

Netusha adalah pengasas Imagined Malaysia, sebuah projek pendidikan yang bertujuan untuk memperluas pemahaman kita mengenai sejarah Asia Tenggara dengan menyediakan platform untuk belajar dan membincangkan secara kritikal naratif sejarah alternatif. Dia telah dianugerahkan Biasiswa Tunku Abdul Rahman dan sedang belajar Sarjana dalam Sejarah Dunia di University of Cambridge. Penyelidikannya tertumpu pada sejarah pemikiran kebangsaan Melayu di Selatan Thailand pada tahun 40-an dan 50-an.

 

Azura Nasron

Azura Nasron merupakan mahasiswa pascasiswazah di Universiti Malaya. Secara formal bekerja sebagai Researcher di Tenaganita bagi Undang-undang Pekerja Domestik. Secara tidak formal, merupakan ahli bagi Gerakan Pembebasan Akademik, Co-Founder Jurnal Sang Pemula dan Assistant Manager di Rekodmedia.

 

Rahman Imuda

Rahman Imuda merupakan seorang penulis dan mantan aktivis mahasiswa. Dia telah menerbitkan dua buah buku berkaitan politik dan pendidikan. Kini bertugas sebagai editor-in-chief di orangkata.my. Dia percaya kepelbagaian kaum yang ada di Malaysia merupakan sumber kekuatan, tapi ia boleh menjadi bencana jika pergesaran di antara kaum tidak dikendalikan dengan betul.

 

Aizat Shamsuddin (Moderator)

Aizat Shamsuddin merupakan penyelaras projek Komuniti Muslim Universal. Penyelidikan dan pengalaman beliau tertumpu kepada bidang pencegahan extremisme, terrorisme dan hak asasi manusia. Pada 2018, beliau dianugerahkan biasiswa Australia Awards oleh Jabatan Hal Ehwal Negeri dan Perdagangan Australia dan ASEAN untuk program sarjana di Universiti Melbourne dalam pengkhususan counterterrorism, konflik dan politik Islam. Beliau juga mempunyai pendidikan dalam undang-undang dan Syariah dari Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia.

 

 

 


SUMMARY

Screenshot of the Live Discussion of the Coffee Talk

 

This series is to bring the momentum of discourse from our panel discussion to youth level of discussion that comprises leaders and thinkers of their own organisational constituencies. Aizat Shamsuddin (Moderator) started the discussion by outlining the context of the discussion  similar to the previous panel discussion. Netusha Naidu started off by saying that the progress is somewhat satisfactory in a manner of speaking, but at the same time not enough. There are efforts and evidence online where people,especially the youth, are more open to discourse in relation to race and religion especially after the change of government post 14th General Election. Evidently, people seem to openly talk about migrant rights in Malaysia and  the Black Lives Movement has triggered discourse at the local level where people made nexus with the racial minorities in Malaysia. For example, the case where Mira Filzah, a local celebrity who donned a traditional Indian dress to promote a contact lens has triggered dialogues on cultural appropriation. This is a great progress but at the same time, when people are talking about race and religion, the attitude of indifferences, lack of empathy and the unwillingness to listen to a different view were still present.

Concurring with Netusha’s argument, Hazman Baharom stated that there are a lot of efforts and dialogue on this but somehow something is still wrong. Institutionalisation of race and religion was one of the main factors. It has created a gap in multicultural and multireligious society in Malaysia. For example, the definition of race and religion was institutionalised in the Federal Constitution. In addition to that, on an individual level, society does not make enough efforts to understand one another, cultural or religious celebration is there yet it is another public holiday in the calendar without having mutual and deep cultural understanding  behind it. Hazman said youth persons in Malaysia should openly talk about sensitive issues that were never discussed in public spaces because it has been made ‘sensitive’ such as opening up  scholarship quotas to non-Malays. He also suggested that people shall not approach any issues with racial lense per se, but also from the perspective of social class.

Rahman Imuda on the other hand emphasised the lack of interaction between races in Malaysia, cultural assimilation or integration between the children of different races usually happens at the stage of teenage years in school depending on the possibility of interaction. This is undoubtedly late. He stated that interaction would be very best achieved in a single-streamed school system and it has to be in schools where children are more receptive towards new and intimate exposure. He further elaborated that progressive individuals have the responsibility to make the public understand what they’re bringing to the table, to use a more gentle approach and less aggressive to trigger change. The aggressiveness would only leave a bad impression and be counter-productive to the cause that they are advocating for. In response to Hazman’s argument about ‘racial lense’, the public policies in Malaysia are too focused on the issues of race and religion as opposed to more critical ones such as the socioeconomic status of individuals in the society. The latter needs more attention to address racial and religious issues.